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Seed Banks

Seed banks are essential for the conservation of plant germplasm.  Seeds are the genetic reservoir for genes necessary to produce the next generation of plants.  As such, the factors that influence their successful storage and reproduction are of paramount interest to seed biologists.  At The Ohio State University, the Ornamental Plant Germplasm Center (OPGC) has been established to conserve important flower seed genes.   Similarly, UC Davis is noted for its Tomato Genetics Resources Center (TGRC).  Other seed banks around the world include the following:

Center

Crop (s)

Number of Accessions

International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT)
Cali, Colombia

Cassava
Forages
Bean

5,728
18,138
31,718

International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT)
Mexico

Maize
Wheat

24,000
160,000

International Potato Center (CIP)
Lima, Peru

Andean Roots & Tubers
Sweet Potato
Potato

1,112
6,413
5,057

International Center for Agriculture in the Dry Areas (ICARDA)
Aleppo, Syria

Barley
Chickpea
Faba Bean
Wheat
Forages
Lentil

24,218
9,116
9,074
30,270
24,581
7,827

International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)
Patancheru, India


Chickpea
Groundnut
Pearl Millet
Pigeonpea
Sorghum
Minor Millets

16,961
14,357
21,250
12,698
35,780
9,050

International Institute for Tropical Agriculture (IITA)
Ibadan, Nigeria

Bambara groundnut
Cassava
Cowpea
Soybean
Wild Vigna
Yam

2,029
2,158
15,001
1,909
1,634
2,878

International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)
Nairobi, Kenya

Forages

11,537

Bioversity International Maccarese, Italy

Musa

931

International Rice Research Institute (IRRI)
Los Banos, Philippines

Rice

80,617

West Africa Rice Development Association (WARDA)
Bouaké, Cote d'Ivoire

Rice

14,917

World Agroforesty Centre
Nairobi, Kenya

Sesbania

25

 

 

 

TOTAL

 

532,508